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    Les projets défis scientifiques

      8 projets ont été sélectionnés en 2019 pour un montant de 0.78 M € (toutes aides confondues).

    Télécharger le fichier «Projets défis scientifiques 2019 RFI Objectif Végétal".

     

       PROJETS DEFIS SCIENTIFIQUES 2019

     

     Thèses

     

     

     

     Acronyme

     

    Unité/ équipe

    porteuse

      Coordinateur

    Titre du projet /Mots clés  

    FlaResCAd

    IRHS - QuaRVeg

     

    Mathilde BRIARD /

    Latifa HAMAMA

     

    Flavonoids and resistance of Carrot to Alternaria dauci /

    Leaf blight, Quantitative resistance, Carrot, Secondary metabolites, UHPLC-ESI-MSn, CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing

    SPADES

    IRHS - BIDefI

     

    Sébastien AUBOURG /

    Jean-Pierre RENOU

     

    Functional characterization of a new family of secreted peptides involved in defense and development control in Arabidopsis /

    hormonal peptide, phytocytokine, ROS detoxification, defense signaling, root development, pathogen resistance

    TEXT-EAU-TERREAU

    EPHor

    Jean-Charles MICHEL

     

    Substrate Texture: A unifying approach to explain and control Physical Properties and Water Efficiency in Horticultural Substrates /

    particle size, particle shape, structure, hydrophobicity, water retention

    UPROAR

    SONAS

    Pascal RICHOMME

     

    In silico-guided design of semisynthetic antifungal derivatives targeting the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) pathway: Towards an alternative crop protection /

    plant pathologies, phytochemistry

     Post-doc

    ECLENUS

    IRHS - SMS

    Françoise MONTRICHARD

    Exploring new ways to control Legume nitrate utilization and signaling /

    sustainable agriculture, agronomic context, Medicago truncatula, nitrate signal, primary root growth, early legume establishment, reactive oxygen species, differential gene expression, metabolomics, fluxomics

    epiDT

    IRHS - ConsertoJérôme VERDIER 

    Deciphering the molecular switch of seed desiccation tolerance to improve plant stress tolerance /

    chromatin conformation, epigenetics, desiccation tolerance, seeds, stress
     Starters   
    THERMITIRHS - SMSDavid MACHEREL

    Building subcellular thermometers to study plant mitochondria self-warming in the context of cold tolerance /

    mitochondria, cold tolerance, freezing tolerance, thermosensor
    TRANSMISSIONIRHS - EmerSysArmelle DARRASSE

    Transcriptome profiling of plant-bacterial interactions during seed transmission /

    Seed transmission, seed development, transcriptomes, methylomes, Phaseolus vulgaris, Xanthomonas citri pv. fuscans

     

     

      11 projets ont été sélectionnés en 2018 pour un montant de 1,14 M € (toutes aides confondues).

    Télécharger le fichier «Projets défis scientifiques 2018 RFI Objectif Végétal".

      PROJETS DEFIS SCIENTIFIQUES 2018

      Thèses

     

     

     

     Acronyme

    Unité/ équipe porteuse

    Coordinateur

     Titre du projet /Mots clés

    CliSeTiCS

    EPHor

    Pierre-Emmanuel Bournet

    Quantifying and modelling Climatic Services provided by Trees inside a Canyon Street /

    Water, soil, plant, agronomy, urban, ecosystem services, heat island, modelling, transpiration

    FuSIoN

    IRHS-SMS

    PLANCHET Elisabeth / TEULAT Béatrice

     

    Role of nitrogen in plant-fungal pathogen interactions during seedling establishment /

    Arabidopsis thaliana, Alternaria brassicicola, Sustainable agriculture, Defence responses, Nitrate transporters, Nitrogen metabolism, Nutrition, Signalling

    GOSYRIS

    EPHor

    Etienne CHANTOISEAU (Patrice CANNAVO)

     

    Garden Orchard Systems: Research Into the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Continuum /

    soil-plant-atmosphere continuum (SPAC); garden orchard; agroforestry; water and nitrogen balance

    IMAGINES

    LEVA

    Fustec Joëlle

     

    Towards the production of pea ideotypes more efficient in soil nitrogen absorption for improving weed control in low input innovative intercrops /

    Intercropping, legume, weed control, nitrate absorption, biological nitrogen fixation, transceivers, lateral roots, Nod factors

    PROMETEUS

    IRHS-Respom

    DEGRAVE Alexandre

    PRi Optimizination by dna MEthylation and Transposable Elements studies : Unraveling their persistance and performance modulation by environmental constraints ; an apple case Study / Plant resistance inducers, epigenetics, transposable elements, immune memory, heat stress

    ROSAPEPS

    IRHS-ARCH'E

    José Le Gourrierec-Gentilhomme

    Rosa miPEPs and miRNAs: new friendly-environmentally tools to control branching? /

    miRNAs, miPEPs, post-transcriptional regulation, light intensity, Rosa hybrida

    ValoRGPomme

    IRHS-Respom

    Muranty Hélène

    Effective use of genetic resources in the apple elite breeding population with genomic selection/

    genetic diversity; introgression; breeding scheme; apple

    Post-doc 

    CRISPR-Fire

    IRHS-Respom

    CHEVREAU Elisabeth

    Résistance durable du pommier au feu bactérien : validation d’un QTL majeur par édition du génome / apple, fire blight, resistance, durability, cloning, gene-editing, CRISPR

    Starter

       

    ALDAUTOX

     IRHS-QuaRVeg

     Berruyer Romain

     

    Biosynthesis and biological activity of aldaulactone, a fungal toxin involved in the pathogenicity of Alternaria dauci, the main causal agent of carrot leaf blight /

    polyketides, fungal toxin, plant cell cultures, yeast transformation, labelled analogues

    PaXap

     IRHS-Emersys

     

    LE SAUX MArion

     

    Development of tools to characterize the interaction Xanthomonas arboricola pv. Pruni / Prunus armeniaca /

    wild compartment, centre of origin, Xanthomonas, apricot, detection, phenotyping

    ROGER

     IRHS-GDO

     

    FOUCHER

    Fabrice

    Genetic and genomic of the Rose resistance against Black Spot Disease /

    Rosa, Diplocarpon rosae, resistance genes, connected populations, association genetics, transcriptomic and comparative genomics

     

     14 projets ont été sélectionnés en 2017 pour un montant de 1,17 M € (toutes aides confondues).

    Télécharger le fichier «Projets défis scientifiques 2017 RFI Objectif Végétal".

    PROJETS DEFIS SCIENTIFIQUES 2017

     Thèses

     Acronyme

    Unité/ équipe porteuse

    Coordinateur
     

     Titre du projet /Mots clés

    BRUTAL

    IRHS-Emersys

    Nicolas CHEN

     

    Bean Resistance Using TAL effectors /

    Bean, disease resistance, Xanthomonas, TAL effectors

    FALDIM

    SONAS

    Andreas Schinkovitz

    Formation of Apple-Phytoalexins and their detection by Laser Desorption Ionization and related Methods /

    Apple, Phytoalexins, Matrix Assisted and Matrix Free Laser Desorption Ionization, Fingerprint Analysis, Resistance, Erwinia amylovora , Venturia inaequalis

    GESIIQUA

     IRHS_QuaRVeg

    Emmanuel GEOFFRIAU / Didier PELTIER

    Genotype-EnvironmentS Interaction for Improving QUAlity

    and stability of carrot crop /Arotenoid, genetics, biosynthesis pathway

    MECHARESIST

     

    RCIM (SiFCIR) 

    UPRES EA 2647 / USC INRA 1330 SFR 4207 QUASAV

    Pr Valérie RAYMOND

    Identification of cellular and molecular resistance mechanisms to develop innovative strategies in pest insect control /

    Pest insects - insecticide - resistance - nicotinic acetylcholine receptors 

    ROSAROS

    IRHS-ARCH'E

    Alain VIAN

    Implication of reactive oxygen species in the control of branching in plants /

    Reactive oxygen species – NADPH oxydase – Branching - Bud  

    ROZRESISTIRHS - GDOSoufflet-Freslon Vanessa

    Genetics and genomics of rose resistance to black spot disease /

    Rosa, Diplocarpon rosae, resistance genes, connected populations, association mapping, transcriptome, diversity
    SEEQUATOM IRHS-ConsertoOlivier LEPRINCE

    A systems biology approach to unravel the acquisition of seed quality during fruit ripening in tomato /

    embryo, endosperm, gene network, locular gel, maternal environment, maturation, testa, transcriptomics, usable plantlets, vigour
     TRIANGLEIRHS - ResPom 

    Durel Charles-Eric(genetics)

    Brisset Marie-Noëlle (PDS)

    Triangular relationships between constitutive defenses, partial genetic resistance and efficiency of plant defense stimulators in apple /

    Basal defenses, constitutive expression, genetic variation, partial resistance, plant defense stimulator, RT-qPCR, genome-wide association mapping, QTL mapping, expression QTL, apple, scab, fire blight
     Divin-XfIRHS-Emersys Emergence de Xylella fastidiosa en France : diversité des souches et routes d'invasion
     Post-doc   
     PREDIPATHIRHS-EmersysMarion FISCHER-LE SAUX

    Design of marker sets and online tools to predict plant pathogenicity of bacteria /

    Comparative genomics, predictive tool, genotypic markers, bacteria, plant pathogens
     Starter
     DIVISIRHS-BioinfoJulie BOURBEILLON

    Biological Data Integration and Visualisation/

    Heterogeneous datasets, data integration, ontology, data visualisation
    EPICLONESIRHS-ARCH'ENathalie LEDUC

    ENVIRONMENTAL EPIGENETIC VARIANTS AS CLONAL MATERIAL IN HORTICULTURE/

    Urban horticulture, environmental stress, Epigenetic, vegetative propagation, mother-plants
    IONISIRHS-SESaNFrançoise MONTRICHARD

    Impact Of exogenous Nitrogen on early Seedling establishment of legumes /

    Sustainable agriculture, agronomic context, Medicago truncatula, nitrate signal, primary root growth, early legume establishment, abscisic acid, reactive oxygen species, differential gene expression

    MORDOR

    LBPV

    Lucie POULIN

    Seed-carried Microbiota from Orobanche during the early parasitic (Orobanche) cycle. Microbiote de l’Orobanche apporté par la graine à travers le cycle parasitaire/

    Metagenomics, microbiota, parasitic plant, Orobanche, diversity

     

    10 projets ont été sélectionnés en 2016 pour un montant de 0,9 M € (toutes aides confondues).

    Télécharger le fichier «Projets défis scientifiques 2016 RFI Objectif Végétal".

    PROJETS DEFIS SCIENTIFIQUES 2016

    Thèses

     Acronyme

     Unité/ équipe porteuse

    Coordinateur 

    Titre du projet 

    PHY-ROSE

    UMR IRHS - GDO

    Fabrice FOUCHER

    Phylogenomics of the genus Rosa - polyploidy and hybridization as diversification forces

    MEDI-SENS

    UMR IRHS -  SESaN

    Béatrice TEULAT

    Exploring Medicago truncatula natural genetic diversity to study nitrogen use efficiency during seedling growth under low temperature and nitrogen supply

    HAUDOR

    LBPV (U Nantes)

    Grégory MONTIEL

    Deciphering of Haustorium Development in Orobanche sp

     ESCAPES

    UMR IRHS -Ecofun

    Christophe LEMAIRE

    Effects of Secondary Contacts and Admixture on a Pathogen Epidemiological Success

     NEMOFY

    UMR IRHS -Fungisem

    Thomas GUILLEMETTE

    NEw MOlecular factors involved in Fungal pathogenicitY

     BRAM

    UMR IRHS -ARCH-E

    Jessica BERTHELOOT

    Functional-structural modelling of bud burst patterns in
    rosebush :  integration of the role of sugars and hormones.

     SCALDUMR IRHS -QualipomMathilde ORSEL-BALDWINDéterminisme précoce d’une maladie majeure de conservation du fruit: l’échaudure superficielle de la pomme

    Post-doc

    DEEP-DIVINGIRHS - EcofunBruno LE CAMDoEs host domEstication Promote effectors DIVersification IN pathoGens?

     Starter

    OBAUC

    IRHS - ARCH-E

    Lydie HUCHE-THELIER

    Ornamental bush Architecture under urban conditions

    PREDIRE

    IRHS-ResPom

    CE DUREL / MN BRISSET

    Constitutive level of basal defences in healthy apple cultivars as predictors of multi-resistance and performance plant defence stimulators

    14 projets de recherche ont été soutenus en 2014 et 2015, en réponse aux deux premiers appels à projets « défis scientifiques » d’OBJECTIF VEGETAL, pour un montant de 1,2 M€  toutes aides confondues (Région, ALM, Université d’Angers, INRA, AgrocampusOuest).

    Le document ci-joint présente de manière succincte, par axe de recherche, le contexte, les objectifs des projets et la méthodologie.

    Télécharger la présentation synthétique des 14 projets sélectionnés